A raisin is a dried grape derived from various varieties of grapes and dried in special tunnel driers. 

There are some basic varieties of raisins: 

  1. Smyrna raisins (Turkish) – light yellow, slightly big, come in three kinds: Sultana (quality 1); Damascene (quality 2), Persian Sultana (quality 3) 

  2. Greek raisins (Corinthian) – small, colour ranges from light yellow to dark brown 

  3. Italian raisins (from Calabria) -  with slight nutmeg scent, used in bakery and wine production 

  4. Chilean raisins – very big ones, not used as ingredients of dishes but eaten plain.